Population census in KirkukJune 13, 2012 at 8:34 pm | Posted in Turkmens | Leave a comment
Tags: Kirkuk population census, Peshmerga looting
In the article below published by AK news, there is no mention of the Kurds who were settled illegally in Kirkuk city.
Facts about the demography and ethnic composition of Kerkuk.
Kerkuk was a TURKMEN city until 1958 when the Communist Iraqi government invited Mustafa Barzani the Kurdish rebel leader back from his exile in Russia. Barzani’s first demand was to include Kerkuk in his proposed autonomous Kurdistan region. From that date the Kurds poured into the city to change its demographics. This campaign intensified in 1970 when Saddam, without consulting the Iraqi people, gave autonomy to the Kurds.
Upon Kurdish insistence on annexing Kerkuk to their autonomous region, Saddam brought Arabs from the South and settled them in Kerkuk.
According to the ration card data base, considered by the United Nations to be a reliable source for information on the Iraqi population, some 12.000 families (Turkmens and Kurds) were expelled from Kerkuk city under the previous regime, one third being Turkmens!
In April 2003, after the US-UK invasion of Iraq the Kurdish militias (peshmerga) invaded Kerkuk city with the blessing of the US military, they took control of the city and appointed Kurds in all the important positions. The first thing the Kurds did when they invaded Kerkuk was to loot and put fire to the city’s land registry office, in order to destroy the deeds which were proof that Kerkuk is a Turkmen city.
Since 2003 the Kurds have been trying to include Kerkuk officially into their Kurdistan through a referendum that they are sure of winning. For that purpose they settled 600.000 Kurdish emigrants from Iran, Syrian and other parts of Northern Iraq in Kerkuk, changing the demographics of the city from 750.000 on 10th April 2003 to 1.4 million nowadays.
Citing ‘Article 140’ of the constitution which was written under US OCCUPATION the Kurds insist to start the ‘normalization process in Kerkuk Province. But their interpretation of ‘normalization is to establish Kurdish hegemony in a region of Iraq which is inhabited by Turkmens, Arabs and Kurds and which has never been part of ‘Kurdistan’.
Arabs and Turkmens are opposed to the annexation of oil rich Kerkuk to the Kurdish Region, they maintain that Kerkuk is an Iraqi city and that its wealth belongs to all the Iraqi people.
As soon as the Kurdish militias entered Kirkuk city on 9th April 2003 they started burning the two most sensitive office buildings, namely the offices of civil population registrations and the offices of property and deeds registrations after seizing all the archives and registers. Their aim was to take control of Kirkuk municipality in order to implement the Kurdification policy in the Turkmen region.
Article published by AK News:
Population census running in Kirkuk
KIRKUK, June 13 (AKnews)- A population census in central Kirkuk is running and the initial outcomes show that 400 families of Arab settlers who received compensation have not returned to their homes in other Iraqi provinces. kamil salaiy
The headmen for each neighborhood are conducting the census which will run until July 1, said Kirkuk Mayor Kamil Salayee. Salayee said the items on the form which the 127 headmen distribute are intended to distinguish the aboriginal residents of the city from the settlers and illegal refugees. He added the form includes information on the family and its members but it avoids questions as ethnicity or religion “due to the sensitive situation in Kirkuk.”
The ownership of the multiethnic oil rich Kirkuk is disputed mainly by Kurdish government and Baghdad. Article 140 of the Iraqi constitution, which was due to be fully implemented by end of 2007, is set to end the dispute.
The article, which many regard as annulled, sets forth a three stage process for indicating the owner of the province as well as some other multiethnic areas in Nineveh, Salahaddin and Diyala provinces. The first stage is normalization, whereby the Arab settlers will be paid compensation to return to their homes in southern and Iraqi provinces and expelled Kurds to Kirkuk after receiving the damages. The second phase is conducting a population census and the third a public referendum on whether the population prefers to be ruled by Baghdad or Erbil. Unofficial figures set the population in central Kirkuk at 1,400,000.
Kirkuk mayor said that so far it has become clear that 400 Arab families who have already been allotted the compensation have not left Kirkuk. These families were brought to Kirkuk during the Arabization process, in order to change the demography of the province. The families will face court, Salayi said. The official added the current figures also show that more than 1,000 families have settled in Kirkuk illegally. They also will face investigation, according to Salayee.