ORSAM REPORT: AWAY FROM IRAQ: POST 2003 IRAQI MIGRATION TO NEIGHBORING COUNTRIES AND TO TURKEY

November 12, 2010 at 10:29 am | Posted in Turkmens | Leave a comment
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AWAY FROM IRAQ: POST 2003 IRAQI MIGRATION TO NEIGHBORING COUNTRIES AND TO TURKEY

The ongoing violence and insecurity in Iraq since 1991 have resulted in the migration of more than four million persons out of the country and also in the internal displacement of a similar number of persons. The main destinations of Iraqi migration have been neighboring countries. Iran who received more than one million Iraqis between 1991 and 2003, handed over the mission to Syria and Jordan in the aftermath of 2003. While some one million Iraqi sought refuge in Syria, more than half a million fled to Jordan. Thus, nearly two million Iraqi were exiled in neighboring Arab countries. Meanwhile, the number of Iraqis in Turkey has been remarkably low. According to a report published by UNHCR in 2007, there were only 10,000 Iraqis in Turkey. Yet, even though the number of official asylum seekers is restricted, there has been a continuous migratory flow from Iraq to Turkey since the 1991 massive refugee movement, as will be discussed below. In this report, we will analyze four main topics: the conditions that push Iraqis to leave the country, patterns of migration in different periods, socio-economic and legal status of Iraqis were exiled in neighboring Arab countries. Meanwhile, the number of Iraqis in Turkey has been remarkably low. According to a report published by UNHCR in 2007, there were only 10,000 Iraqis in Turkey. Yet, even though the number of official asylum seekers is restricted, there has been a continuous migratory flow from Iraq to Turkey since the 1991 massive refugee movement, as will be discussed below. In this report, we will analyze four main topics: the conditions that push Iraqis to leave the country, patterns of migration in different periods,
socio-economic and legal status of Iraqis.
Contents

Summary
Introduction
Part I: Various Periods of Iraqi Migration
1.1. Pre-2003 Iraqi Migration
1.2. 2003-2006: Life under Occupation and Emigration
1.3. Post-2007: International Protection That Comes Late and Changing Policie
1.3.1. Communitarization in the process of migration
1.4. Volume and Patterns of Iraqi Emigration
1.4.1. Neighbors as major asylum countries
1.4.2. Possibility of a return to Iraq
Part II: Iraqi Migration in Turkey
2.1. At the Crossroads of New Migrations
2.2. The Iraqis in Turkey
2.2.1. Irregular Migrants
2.2.2. Asylum Seekers
2.2.3. Cyclical Migrants/Suitcase Traders
2.2.4. Legal Residents
2.3. Why Istanbul?
2.4. Institutions Managing Iraqi Migrants in Turkey
2.4.1. United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)
2.4.2. Human Resource Development Foundation (IKGV)
2.4.3. International Catholic Migration Commission (ICMC)
2.4.4. International Organization for Migration (IOM)
2.4.5. Iraqi Embassy/Consulate
2.4.6. Helsinki Citizens Assembly (hYd)
2.4.7. Iraqi Turks Culture and Solidarity Association (ITKYD)
2.4.8. Caritas
2.4.9. Chaldean-Assyrian Solidarity Association (KADER)
2.4.10. Amnesty International
2.4.11. Association for Solidarity with Refugees and Migrants (SGDD)
2.5. Satellite Cities and Some Problems
Part III: Policy Recommendations
Conclusion
Bibliography

Report:

http://www.orsam.org.tr/en/enUploads/Article/Files/20101111_orsamreport20.pdf

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