Pax Christi Report: On the use of DU in Iraq by US and UK armed forces

March 7, 2013 at 2:24 am | Posted in Turkmens | Leave a comment
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This report aims to provide an overview of all the credible reports that have been published so far on DU use in Iraq, both from the media and research institutions. In researching the report, the author conducted three field trips to Iraq,
and spoke with representatives from Iraqi ministries, NGOs, doctors, experts and civilians living in contaminated areas; this input will be used to not only illustrate the current state of affairs, but also to suggest policies and precautionary
measures that need to be implemented to protect civilians and the environment. This report will also consider other environmental problems resulting from both wars and take into account these issues when drawing up a final conclusion and recommendations.

http://www.ikvpaxchristi.nl/media/files/in-a-state-of-uncertainty.pdf

In a State of Uncertainty

Executive summary

The use of depleted uranium (DU) in conventional munitions has generated controversy for more than 30 years.

Research increasingly supports the idea that there may be a link between its use and reports of increasing health problems in those countries where it has been deployed. Of these, Iraq is by far the most affected country, with large quantities of DU munitions used in 1991 and 2003. However, uncertainties over its impact and implications remain. This report is one of the first to attempt to provide a comprehensive overview of the use of DU in Iraq by US and UK armed forces, and the subsequent actions, or lack thereof, that have been undertaken to address the issue of DU contamination and resulting exposure to civilians. Furthermore, it will provide an overview of reported health problems that might be related to exposure to DU, and other toxic remnants of war, and will provide recommendations for next steps to be undertaken in order to minimise the risks to the civilian population.
The aim of this report is to provide greater clarity on the impact that the use of DU has had on Iraqi society; in doing so it will document the persistent uncertainty that continues to affect the daily lives of Iraqi civilians.

Summary of key findings

The lack of transparency from Coalition Forces over the use of DU: There is an absence of
crucial information on firing coordinates, the quantities and types of DU munitions used; data gaps relating to the efforts undertaken to clean up contaminated sites and material are hindering efforts to assess risks and implement remediation work.

The use of DU in populated areas: aircraft and vehicles have used DU in populated areas against armoured and non-armoured targets. States that use DU defend its use on the basis of it being specifically for engaging armoured vehicles; evidence from Iraq suggests that it has been used against a far wider range of targets, and in populated areas. This is highly problematic because of the indiscriminate nature of DU dust.
The difficulty in assessing and managing DU contamination: effectively and safely managing sites or wreckage contaminated by DU requires the involvement and cooperation of a range of expertises, as demonstrated by the UN’s approach, which has required the input of the UN Environment Programme, International Atomic Energy Agency and World Health Organisation. The Iraqi government, which is slowly recovering from decades of war, has faced major challenges in terms of capacity, expertise and funding in seeking to identify contaminated hotspots and implement programmes to analyse, clean-up and safely store contaminated scrap metal and debris.
More than 300 contaminated sites are still in the process of being assessed and decontaminated, placing a huge financial burden on the Iraqi government.
Impact on civilian health and environment: numerous media reports and published research indicates that there is a serious increase in congenital birth deformations, with exposure to toxic remnants of war a potential risk factor. In addition to the direct physical health legacy from exposure to military-origin toxics, concern over possible exposure to DU residues is widespread and may be impacting on the psychological well being of communities. This anxiety is being stoked by media reports but appears to be intrinsic to the use of radioactive materials in conventional weapons. The lack of transparency over targeting sites, distrust of the authorities, politicisation of the DU issue and the ongoing failure to comprehensively manage contamination have only served to exacerbate the situation.
As noted above, detailed and reliable data on the quantities and types of DU munitions used in Iraq, and their geographical distribution is still unavailable. Furthermore huge gaps remain over the assessment and remediation histories of sites, this is particularly true of the period from 2003-2005, under the governance of the Coalition Provisional Authority.
Therefore it is difficult to judge the effectiveness of the mitigation measures that may, or may not, have been undertaken 5 ikv pax christi In a state of uncertainty
by Coalition Forces and later, by the Iraqi authorities to protect civilians from exposure to DU.
This report aims to provide an overview of all the credible reports that have been published so far on DU use in Iraq, both from the media and research institutions. In researching the report, the author conducted three field trips to Iraq,
and spoke with representatives from Iraqi ministries, NGOs, doctors, experts and civilians living in contaminated areas; this input will be used to not only illustrate the current state of affairs, but also to suggest policies and precautionary
measures that need to be implemented to protect civilians and the environment. This report will also consider other environmental problems resulting from both wars and take into account these issues when drawing up a final conclusion and recommendations.
Continue Reading Pax Christi Report: On the use of DU in Iraq by US and UK armed forces…

Iraq’s depleted uranium clean-up to cost $30m as contamination spreads

March 6, 2013 at 9:57 pm | Posted in Turkmens | Leave a comment
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Iraq’s depleted uranium clean-up to cost $30m as contamination spreads

Report says toxic waste is being spread by scrap metal dealers, and describes its

‘alarming’ use in civilian areas during Iraq wars

  • Spc Travis Hunter loads armor-piercing depleted uranium-tipped shells during the second Iraq war
A US soldier with depleted uranium-tipped shells during the second Iraq war.
Photograph: John Moore/AP

Cleaning up more than 300 sites in Iraq still contaminated by depleted uranium (DU) weapons will cost at least $30m, according to a report by a Dutch peace group to be published on Thursday.

The report, which was funded by the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, warns that

the contamination is being spread by poorly regulated scrap metal dealers, including children. It also documents evidence that DU munitions were fired at light vehicles,

buildings and other civilian infrastructure including the Iraqi Ministry of Planning in

Baghdad – casting doubt on official assurances that only armoured vehicles were

targeted.

“The use of DU in populated areas is alarming,” it says, adding that

many more contaminated sites are likely to be discovered.

More than 400 tonnes of DU ammunition are estimated to have been fired by jets

and tanks in the two Iraq wars in 1991 and 2003, the vast majority by US forces.

The UK government says that British forces fired less than three tonnes.

DU is a chemically toxic and radioactive heavy metal produced as waste by the

nuclear power industry. It is used in weapons because it is an extremely hard

material capable of piercing armour.

Continue Reading Iraq’s depleted uranium clean-up to cost $30m as contamination spreads…

ENVIRONMENTAL CONTAMINANTS FROM WAR REMNANTS IN IRAQ – June 2011 report

June 13, 2011 at 9:37 am | Posted in Turkmens | Leave a comment
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NGO COORDINATION COMMITTEE FOR IRAQ

JUNE 2011 REPORT

http://www.ncciraq.org/

NCCI Brief:

Environmental Contaminants from War Remnants in Iraq

http://www.ncciraq.org/images/stories/NCCI-DB/NCCIPublications/NCCIStudies/NCCIBriefDUMunitionsHumanHealthinIraq.pdf

Dr. Souad N. Al-Azzawi report: Crimes of the century – Occupation and Contaminating Iraq with Depleted Uranium

September 19, 2010 at 4:08 pm | Posted in Turkmens | Leave a comment
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CRIMES OF THE CENTURY – OCCUPATION AND CONTAMINATING IRAQ WITH DEPLETED URANIUM

Dr. Souad N. Al-Azzawi, Associate Professor in Environmental Engineering Iraq

http://www.scribd.com/doc/37718347/Crimes-of-the-Century-Occupation-Contaminating-Iraq-with-Depleted-Uranium

Interview: Abdulhaq Al-Ani on Uranium in Iraq

October 16, 2009 at 11:35 am | Posted in Turkmens | Leave a comment
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AlJazeeraEnglish Interview: Abdulhaq Al-Ani on Uranium in Iraq

For video please click on the link below 

 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=O_id1uApYKk

 Iraqis living to the south of Baghdad have blamed depleted uranium from US military equipment for causing a rise in the number of cancer cases.

These cancer cases have spread fears among the locals, prompting them to demand an urgent investigation.

Mosab Jasim interviews Abdulhaq Al-Ani, author of Uranium in Iraq – The Poisonous Legacy of Iraq Wars, for more analysis

The Crime of using Depleted Uranium against Iraq and Humanity

December 19, 2008 at 8:31 pm | Posted in Turkmens | 3 Comments
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Who Can Forgive the Crime of using Depleted Uranium Against Iraq and Humanity

Dr Haithem Alshaibani

Expert of environmental sciences

December 2008

 

http://brusselstribunal.org/

 

 

 

Preamble 

 

The first attack of nuclear strike on man kind was when the US  aeroplanes bombed the Japanese city of Hiroshima, in the second world war on the sixth of Aug. 1945. On the ninth of Aug. 1945 another Japanese city was hit by nuclear bomb, which led to the defeat of Japan.

This terrifying event turned out deep lessons which nestled in human consciousness, raising accusations towards the ugliness of practising the dirtiest crimes against humanity during the battle of wills.

During the aggression against Iraq, described in some literature as the third world war, and in spite of the absence of balance, quality and quantity wise between the combating parties, the US forces used large quantities of depleted Uranium for the first time in history.

This took place in contradiction with all religions, laws, human rights legislations and section 35 of the annex protocol number one within Geneva Convention of 1977, which prevents using means that leads to long-term harm to the environment. 

The amount of destruction exercised against Iraq in 1991 by bombarding  infrastructures using all weapons including depleted uranium, is equal from the results point of view to the amount of destruction caused by seven nuclear bombs of 20 kilo tons, which was deployed on Hiroshima including the blast, buildings’ destruction, fires and radiation contamination. 

Continue Reading The Crime of using Depleted Uranium against Iraq and Humanity…

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